Every appropriate link adds value to the wiki. A link is appropriate when an overt reference is made to an other relevant topic - each topic should have a dedicated entry.
A link is not appropriate when:
- A reference (and corresponding link) has already been made to a particular entry/page within that same paragraph.
- A word corresponds to an entry/page but the context of its use does not directly relate to the content of the entry/page dedicated to the word.
An Internal Link is used to direct the user to another page within the UNB wiki. These internal links are the most effective way to establish a web of connections throughout the wiki that enhance readers' experience by increasing accessibility of information.
Creating an Internal Link with the RichTextEditor is quick and easy, as MediaWiki provides the Contributor with a field to search the entire wiki for the desired destination page/entry. To generate this field, click the Link icon:
Clicking the link icon will generate a new box in which existing pages can be searched - as long as the contributor knows the title of the destination entry/page. Upon inputting the first few characters the desired destination should appear to be selected, establishing a hyperlink on the origin entry/page.
To create an internal link, enclose the title of the destination entry with double square brackets on either side:
- If the destination entry exists and has been entered correctly an operational link will be created.
- Remember that Mediawiki is case sensitive - the first thing that the contributor should check for if a link does not work is the spelling and capitalization of the destination entry within the WikiTextEditor code.
- If the destination entry does not exist, the hyperlink created will connect to a new page upon which an entry can be created, either immediately or in the future.
- The practice of creating links to non-existent pages for future creation is called lazy linking, which can be an effective way to communicate to future contributors the pages that need to be created and the future direction of the wiki.
Using Alternate Text
Sometimes the exact title of a page is not ideal to use in a sentence and an alternate text would better compliment the entry/page. Instead, best practice is to present the hyperlink as text that flows within the entry.
Using the RichTextEditor, simply write the sentence and highlight the text intended to be presented as hyperlink, and complete the process as outlined in the section above by clicking the link icon and selecting the destination entry/page.
To establish a link using alternate text with the WikiTextEditor, a pipe (or vertical bar)— | —must be placed after the title of the destination entry/page, followed by the desired alternate text and enclosed between double square brackets:
[[Literary and Debating Society|Debating]] has long been a popular extracurricular activity at UNB.
(Result:) Debating has long been a popular extracurricular activity at UNB.
Lazy Linking is the process of actively creating links to non-existent entries/pages with the intention of creating them—or having someone else create them—in the future. It is an effective way to map out the future of the wiki's development without deviating from the task at hand to establish a new entry/page (the perpetual nature of this deviation could be infinite and result in an infinite number of unfinished pages - don't mind the dramatics).
Hyperlinks to non-existent entries/pages will appear red - clicking a red hyperlink will allow the contributor to edit this non-existent entry/page.
Anchors (Link to a Specific Place on a Page)
When referring to specific information, it may prove useful to know how to link to a specific place on an entry/page. This is achieved by linking to an anchor.
- This is particularly relevant for larger pages with a lot of content.
- WikiTextEditor must be used.
- Remember to verify the capitalization and spelling of the title of the destination when creating links.
Headers as Anchors
Some anchors exist naturally within a page. All headers are automatically anchors and can be easily identified by their presence in the Table of Contents at the top of a given page. To link to a header:
- Enter the WikiTextEditor and start by creating a basic link to the destination page.
- A pound symbol (#) is used to separate the destination entry/page title from the title of the header on that destination page.
Example: [[Destination title#Header title|alternate text]]
Manually Creating an Anchor
Some entries may not be effectively broken up by headers, and some sections might be too long for linking to the header to be an effective solution - do not fear! There is a way to manually create an anchor within a page. Again, the WikiTextEditor must be used.
- First, on the destination page, the anchor must be created. Then, the following code must be inserted to create the anchor:
<span id="Anchor_name">Text can be placed here (although the absence of text will produce an invisible anchor)</span>
Spaces cannot be used in the "Anchor_name", so make use of _'s, and remember to use quotation marks.
Having created this anchor, the next step is to link to it. This process is identical to linking to headers as described above: